This article was originally published here
Socioecon Plann Sci. November 13, 2021: 101193. doi: 10.1016 / j.seps.2021.101193. Online ahead of print.
We aim to design a concerned with fairness allocation approach to maximize geographic diversity and avoid injustice in the sense of demographic disparity. During the development of this work, the COVID-19 pandemic is still spreading to the United States and other parts of the world on a large scale. Many poor communities and minority groups are much more vulnerable than others. To provide sufficient vaccines and medical resources to all residents and effectively stop the spread of the pandemic, the average medical resources per capita of a community should be independent of the demographics of the community but only conditioned by the rate of exposure to disease. In this article, we integrate different aspects of resource allocation and create a synergistic intervention strategy that gives vulnerable populations a higher priority in the distribution of medical resources. This strategy focused on prevention seeks a balance between geographic coverage and equity of social groups. The proposed principle can be applied to other scarce resources and to the allocation of social benefits.
PMID: 34812203 | PMC: PMC8597936 | DOI: 10.1016 / j.seps.2021.101193